Mann, Heinrich

(1871-1950)
   writer; ruthlessly debunked the Kaiser-reiches rigid social structure. Born in Lübeck to a city senator and prosperous businessman, he abandoned Gymnasium studies in 1889. Although he was de-termined not to follow a business career, he appeased his father by apprenticing as a bookseller in Dresden. But after he published stories in the Lubecker Zei-tung, he resolved to become a writer. In 1891, just before his father's death, he forsook the apprenticeship to join the publishing house of Samuel Fischer.* Contracting tuberculosis, he convalesced in Switzerland in 1892 and, after some time in Italy, relocated to Munich in 1894.
   Before World War I Mann published dramas, essays, short stories, and novels. His 1905 novel Professor Unrat went largely unnoticed until it was filmed in 1930 as Der blaue Engel (The Blue Angel); starring Emil Jannings* and Marlene Dietrich,* the story emphasized the vices and hypocrisy of middle-class society. A serialization of Der Untertan (Man ofStraw), a devastating critique subtitled A History of the Public Soul under Wilhelm II, was suspended upon the outbreak of war; it was finally released in 1918. A 1915 essay on Emile Zola that extolled democratic France and the Enlightenment was not only censored but provoked a painful rupture with his brother, Thomas Mann.* Underscoring the tradition of political engagement among French intellectuals, Heinrich argued that Ger-many was marked by a passivity that viewed intellect (Geist) and action as contradictory entities.
   The brothers' estrangement persisted until 1922, when Heinrich suffered acute appendicitis and his anticipated death brought reconciliation. Since Walther Rathenau's* murder also reconciled Thomas to the Republic, the sibling rap-prochement was melded by parallel political convictions. Thereafter the brothers increasingly represented the political and moral conscience of Germany. Hein-rich was, meanwhile, forced to accustom himself to his younger brother's greater fame; although he was prolific throughout the 1920s—he published fiction, so-cial criticism, and topical essays—Heinrich's writing failed to gain wide ac-claim. He served as President of the Prussian Academy of Arts during 1931-1933, but it was Thomas who became the Nobel laureate.
   An exponent of middle-class social democracy, Heinrich Mann fled to France—his spiritual home—in February 1933. He was subsequently tireless on both literary and political fronts. World War II forced flight to America, where he struggled in Hollywood to maintain a career; his second wife, Nellie, com-mitted suicide in 1944. Although he was invited in 1947 to return to East Berlin as President of the new East German Academy of Arts, his failing health kept him in California.
   REFERENCES:Benz and Graml, Biographisches Lexikon; David Gross, Writer and So-ciety; Hamilton, Brothers Mann;Konig, Heinrich Mann.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mann, Heinrich — ▪ German writer born March 27, 1871, Lübeck, Ger. died March 12, 1950, Santa Monica, Calif., U.S.  German novelist and essayist, a socially committed writer whose best known works are attacks on the authoritarian social structure of German… …   Universalium

  • Mann, Heinrich — (1871 Lubeck 1950 Los Angeles) (Germany/USA)    Painter and draughtsman. Brother of famous author Thomas Mann. He went into exile in France in 1933 and later emigrated to the U.S. It is said that he created 100s of obscene drawings which were… …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Mann, Heinrich — ► (1871 1950) Novelista alemán, hermano de Thomas Mann. Autor de La pequeña ciudad (1901), El profesor desquiciado (1905) y El rey Enrique IV (1935 38) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mann, Heinrich —    см. Манн, Генрих …   Энциклопедический словарь экспрессионизма

  • Heinrich Mann — im Jahr 1906 Luiz Heinrich Mann (* 27. März 1871 in Lübeck; † 11. März 1950[1] in Santa Monica, Kalifornien) war ein deutscher Schriftsteller …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heinrich Eduard Jacob — (* 7. Oktober 1889 als Henry Edward Jacob in Berlin Friedrichstadt; † 25. Oktober 1967 in Salzburg) war ein deutscher und amerikanischer Journalist und Schriftsteller. Er schrieb auch unter den Pseudonymen Henry E. Jacob und Eric Jens Petersen.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heinrich Mann — (Revista Pájaro de fuego ) Nacimiento 27 de marzo de 1871 Lübeck, ( …   Wikipedia Español

  • MANN (H.) — MANN HEINRICH (1871 1950) De quatre ans l’aîné de son frère Thomas, Heinrich Mann rompit plus nettement avec son milieu d’origine, la bourgeoisie patricienne de Lübeck. Il était comme Thomas un sang mêlé , partagé dans ses origines entre… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Heinrich von Navarra — Heinrich IV. Heinrich IV. (frz. Henri IV, Henri le Grand; gas. Enric Quate Lo Gran, geboren als Heinrich von Bourbon, * 13. Dezember 1553 in Pau, Navarra; † 14. Mai 1610 in Paris) war von 1589 bis zu seinem Tod König von …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heinrich (Vorname) — Heinrich ist ein deutscher männlicher Vorname und ein Familienname. Weibliche Formen des Vornamens sind Henrike und Henriette. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Etymologie 2 Varianten 2.1 Deutsch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.